Making Ingeo: Eco-Profile & LCA

If you replace the PET in 100,000 plastic food containers with Ingeo, you can save greenhouse gas emissions equal to driving a car 16,000 miles and non-renewable energy equal to 19 barrels of oil or 775 gallons of gasoline.

How do we know this? Data...and lots of it. We have developed, sponsored and published peer-reviewed eco-profiles and life cycle analysis (LCA) to help us quantify the environmental impact of Ingeo & products made with our polymer. Remember, developing an all new material like Ingeo is a journey. We continually invest in fundamental R&D to improve how we make Ingeo and its eco-profile.



From plants to plastics, making Ingeo is a completely new and innovative process. Our technology is found nowhere else in the world and finally provides a real eco-friendly option in many segments including food serviceware, fresh food packaging, electronics & durables, films, cards, nonwovens, apparel and home textiles.

Please see our How it's Made page for more information on how we manufacture Ingeo.



Today, manufacturing Ingeo produces approximately 80% less greenhouse gases and uses approximately 60% less non-renewable energy (NREU) than traditional polymers like polystyrene. (1)

From cradle to factory gate...

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Non-Renewable Energy Use

Please see our eco-profile section for more details & our publications.



We have participated in many 3rd party studies to help quantify, from cradle to grave, the environmental impact of products made with Ingeo vs those made with traditional plastics like PET, rPET, PS, etc. These studies show that Ingeo has solid, proven eco-credentials making it an environmentally superior product compared with incumbent materials. To date, studies have been completed in...





Comparison between the eco-profile data for Ingeo (2014) and an average of PET & PS data from US Producers (American Chemistry Council, 2011).


NatureWorks latest eco-profile data was peer reviewed by Industrial Biotechnology Journal.

 Industrial Biotechnology Magazine Cover

Study: Ingeo & rPET

Life cycle analysis found that Ingeo clamshells have a better eco-footprint than rPET clamshells.

Natureworks LLC Read the study
Natureworks LLC See the press release


What is the difference between an LCI, LCA & eco-profile?

What does cradle to grave mean?

So many questions, and here are the answers!